Garlic butter roasted mushrooms (2 servings)

Sometimes, as an Eastern Pennsylvanian who has moved to North Carolina, I forget that people down here don't understand Pennsylvania Dutch terms. Of course, I'm not surprised that Southerners are unfamiliar with the blatantly "Dutchy" turns of phrase (Obviously, nobody here parts ways with, "Y'all come back now, vuntz!") but I was surprised to learn how many of the things I grew up saying without a second thought are actually part of a very specific regional vernacular. Admittedly, most of these linguistic lightbulb moments came to me when I was teaching. In a moment of frustration, I once scolded a group of restless pupils, telling them, "Stop rutsching and just do your work," only to have them respond with blank stares. (Hey, at least it shut them up momentarily.) Just the other day, I discovered that no one here says, "It's spritzing" when the rain comes down in fine droplets. I've also learned that "Hush your fussin'!" is the South's version of the "Stop grexing!" that my Mom-Mom sometimes hissed at me and my sister if we whined too much.

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But I miss the colorful local language of Lancaster and Berks County. Each time I go home, I hear less and less of the true Dutchy accent, as in "Meet me dahn at the Ranch Haas," or "I'm from Berks Cahney." Pennsylvania Dutch is, of course, not actually Dutch but a corruption and modernization of German. It's characterized by unique words and phrases but also for the order of words, as in, "Throw the cow over the fence some hay." (That one always makes me giggle.) As with modern German, Pennsylvania Dutch has some situation-specific, difficult-to-translate words. Some of my favorites are "nix nootz" to describe a trouble-making but good-hearted child, or "schusslich" to describe hasty, sloppy, last-minute actions.

However, the PA Dutch word I most miss, simply because it describes the action it names so well, is "fress." To fress is eat, but it's a specific kind of eating; fressing is like grazing or snacking leisurely throughout the day. We fress on holidays, when we're already stuffed so full of gustatory goodness but we don't want to hurt the host's feelings, so we pick at the cheese plate. We fress when it's hot outside and a heavy meal would make us lethargic, so we just eat a few bites of whatever we can find in the fridge. We fress at picnics and holidays, where there's so much temptation that choosing one or two main dishes is too difficult, so we take bits of this and that and load up our plates until they start to bow. In my understanding, fressing isn't so much about the quantity or type of food; it's more about a variety of small samples, often spread out over time.

Bryan and I are most likely to fress at the end of the week, when energy levels are low and leftovers are diverse. Usually, by the end of the week, I have an assortment of ingredients sitting around, either due to purposeful exclusion ("I don't feel like putting tomatoes in this dish tonight") or accidental amnesia ("What the hell did I buy this leek for again?") and "Fressing Friday" is a wonderful (wunnerful goot?) opportunity to use up those things. Friday evening is a time for dressed-up finger foods, dips, side dishes, and cut-up fruits. It's a chance to relax and unwind without going to any extra trouble. And one of my favorite last-minute fressing dishes is Smitten Kitchen's garlic butter roasted mushrooms. I halved Deb's recipe since it was just two of us.

(I know, I know -- you were just starting to think, "Soooo... is there a recipe in all this, or are you just waxing nostalgic this week?")

You will need:

  • 1/2 pound medium sized button mushrooms, cleaned and stemmed
  • 2 garlic cloves, minced
  • 1 Tbsp vegetable or canola oil
  • salt and pepper
  • 1 1/2 Tbsp butter, cut into small chunks
  • Parmesan cheese


  1. Preheat the oven to 450° F. Coat the insides of a small baking dish (you could even use a round pie plate) with a little non-stick spray or oil and set it aside.
  2. Place the mushrooms in a resealable plastic bag; add the garlic, vegetable/canola oil, and a dash of salt and pepper to the bag, too. Toss gently to combine. 
  3. Place the mushrooms, gill-side up, in the baking dish. Spread the butter pieces out on top of the mushrooms and sprinkle with a bit of parmesan. 
  4. Roast the mushrooms for 15-20 minutes, or until the mushrooms are tender and the buttery sauce around them is bubbling. Top with chopped parsley, if desired, and serve warm.

These mushrooms are chewy, dense, and earthy. The garlicky-buttery juice they roast in is flavorful but not overpowering. I served this two Fridays ago with a sliced Fuji apple, some leftover roasted green beans, chunks of warm pretzel bread (Thank goodness for the Elysium that is A Southern Season), whole-grain mustard, and salty hunks of cheese. At the end of a long week, it was a feast for all the senses and a welcome respite!

Southwestern confetti salad (6-8 servings)

Visual approximation.

Visual approximation.

I've whined about this time of year before. It's that tempting, sneaky period of time where the sun is shining, all the flowers are in bloom (Don't even get me started on Chapel Hill's slutty plants that gleefully spread their genetic material all over the damn place), and the afternoons are warm. The sunlight and heat make you want to rush to the farmers' market and scoop up all your summer favorites, like corn on the cob and juicy tomatoes. However, even thought you feel like it's summer, it isn't, which means there aren't many local fruits and veggies quite yet. Spring is such a tease that way.

So this is the ideal time of year for "summer preview" recipes  -- ones you can make with pantry ingredients for now and then make again with local produce in the summer. Today's offering is based on this Epicurious recipe, although I changed the Mediterranean flavors to more of a Southwest theme. 

You will need:

  • 3 cups corn kernels
  • 1 cup cherry tomatoes, halved
  • 14-16 oz frozen or canned legumes (I used frozen butter peas, but I'm sure black-eyed peas or black beans would be lovely)
  • 2 cups green beans, cut into 1-inch pieces
  • 1 avocado


  • 1/4 cup extra-virgin olive oil
  • 1/8 cup red wine vinegar
  • a splash of lime juice
  • 1/4 tsp dried oregano
  • 1/2 a chipotle pepper in adobo, minced 
  • 1/4 Tbsp onion powder
  • 1 Tbsp chopped cilantro
  • 1 tsp salt (smoked salt, if you have it)


  1. Mix all the dressing ingredients in a jar or small bowl. Set aside.
  2. Place the corn and tomatoes in a large serving bowl.
  3. If you're using canned beans, drain and rinse them, and then add them to the corn and tomatoes. If you're using frozen beans, cook them according to package directions, using the low end of the time recommended. (You don't want them to get mushy!) Drain and rinse in cold water and add to corn and tomatoes.
  4. Blanch the green beans for a minute or two -- just until they're bright green. Drain and rinse in cold water; add to corn, tomatoes, and beans. (If you're boiling frozen beans, add the green beans to the water for the last two minutes and then drain along with the beans.)
  5. Give the dressing a final shake or stir and drizzle it over the veggies. Toss gently. Taste for salt; add some cracked black pepper if desired.
  6. Once the mixture is seasoned to your liking, cut the avocado into chunks and add it to the mixture. Toss gently once more. Store salad in the fridge for a few hours before serving.

I can't wait to make this again with fresh ingredients in a few more months! Feel free to change up the veggies; bell pepper would be delicious (if your insides are braver than mine) and I'd imagine chopped carrots could add flavor and crunch.

Review: Emile Noël organic pumpkin seed oil

One of the nicest things about blogging is that occasionally, a company contacts you to ask if they can send you something free so you can write about it! So when Emile Noël -- a French, family-owned company that produces organic, virgin, fair-trade oils -- asked me to pick a flavor to review, I was thrilled but stumped. How would I choose from the 12 oils they produce? 

After much consideration, I decided on the most unusual of their offerings, organic pumpkin seed oil. Cold-pressed and chock full of omega-6 fatty acids, the oil has a low smoke point, so it's best used for finishing dishes and in salad dressings. 

The scent of the oil is toasty and deep -- somewhere between dark sesame oil and roasted peanuts. The color is a dark amber reminiscent of maple syrup but with the gorgeous sheen of liquid caramel. On its own, the flavor is intensely nutty and dark, and it was clear from my small spoonful that a little bit of the oil goes a long way.

Since the oil was new to me, I had to do some research online to learn how to use it. Apparently, in parts of Eastern Europe, the oil is often used as an ice cream topping; however, I wasn't thrilled by the idea of oily ice cream, so I decided to look for other ideas. Here is a brief summary of the ways I tried using the oil, with a short review of each method:

  • As a finishing oil on roasted broccoli: I roasted broccoli florets in olive oil and salt and then drizzled a bit of the pumpkin seed oil on top when I served it. I couldn't really pick out the oil's flavor as I was eating the broccoli, which means either I didn't use enough of it, or it just blends very harmoniously with the broccoli.

  • As salad dressing: I dressed a salad of spring mix, Gorgonzola, and chopped apples with a vinaigrette made from the pumpkin seed oil, some olive oil, mustard, lemon juice, dried thyme, and salt and pepper. Here, the pumpkin seed flavor was more pronounced and worked as a nice complement to the sweetness of the apple and the tang of the cheese. I'm glad, however, that I cut the pumpkin seed oil with olive oil, as I think the flavor would have been too intense on its own.

  • With roasted sweet potatoes in a cranberry-chipotle sauce: Unfortunately, the smoky, spicy chipotle flavor dominated here, and I couldn't taste the pumpkin seed oil at all. (However, that recipe was BANGIN' and I will definitely make it again this fall!)

  • In pumpkin chocolate chip bread: I replaced 2 Tbsp of the vegetable oil with the pumpkin seed oil, and wow. Just wow. This bread was intensely moist, nutty, and comforting. This was definitely my favorite recipe of the ideas I tried out. I doubt that anyone would try the bread and immediately recognize the addition of the pumpkin seed oil, but it did add that autumnal je ne sais quoi that an average pumpkin bread recipe is missing. I'll definitely bake this again later in the year.

In fact, I think I'll continue to find more ways to use the oil once the weather turns cold again. Most of the ideas I found online called for ingredients that are seasonal to fall, so I'm sure I will be bringing it out again during that time.

My only complaint about the oil is that the recipe section of the company's website does not give any recommendations for this particular oil. In my opinion, if a company wants American consumers to try out an unfamiliar ingredient, it should give specific suggestions for how to use it. In fact, some of the recipes I found came from Emile Nöel's competitors!

But I will continue to look online for new ideas for using this smooth, nutty, versatile oil!

(And congrats again to Erin M. for winning a free bottle of Emile Nöel organic mild olive oil!)

Skillet gnocchi with kale and white beans (5-6 servings)

Cheesy gooeyness to the rescue!

You know that week where everything goes wrong -- your intestines turn against you for days on end and you turn in your grad work late and you're supposed to go see your parents on the afternoon your downstairs floor floods AGAIN? So you settle into a funk but then you realize there are worse problems in the world and you need to stop feeling sorry for yourself? So you stop being all mopey but then you feel guilty that you were self-pitying in the first place because you grew up Catholic and you have guilt issues? That week? Yeah, it's been that week.

Lucky for us, there are hearty, melty, secretly nutritious dishes like Eating Well's offering that can make you believe everything is right again. And all you need to regain your faith in the world is some plump potato dumplings, a couple handfuls of kale, and some creamy white beans.

You will need:

  • 1 Tbsp extra-virgin olive oil or butter
  • 1 (roughly) 16-oz package of non-refrigerated gnocchi (plain or flavored)
  • 1 Tbsp onion powder
  • 1/2 tsp garlic powder
  • 1/4 cup dry white wine
  • 6 cups chopped kale, chard, or spinach leaves (any thick stems removed)
  • 1 15-oz can diced tomatoes with Italian seasonings
  • 1 15-oz can Great Northern beans, drained and rinsed
  • 1/4 cup shredded mozzarella cheese
  • Parmesan cheese to taste


  1. Cook the gnocchi in boiling water according to the package directions. (It'll probably ask you to boil them for about 2 minutes after they start to float.)
  2. As soon as you add the gnocchi to the boiling water, start melting the oil or butter in a large non-stick skillet over medium heat. When the gnocchi are done, use a slotted spoon to gently transfer them from the boiling water to the hot skillet. Cook them in the oil or butter, stirring often, until they begin to turn light brown and crispy on the outsides. 
  3. Next, sprinkle the onion and garlic powder over the gnocchi, pour the white wine into the bottom of the skillet, and place the greens on top of the gnocchi. Cover the skillet and let everything cook until the greens turn a vivid green and start to wilt (only a minute or two). 
  4. Stir in the tomatoes and beans and cook just long enough to warm them up. Sprinkle the cheeses over top and put the lid on for another minute to let the cheese melt. Serve immediately.

The original recipe tells you to brown the outside of the gnocchi without cooking them first, which is what I did the first two times I made this recipe. Unfortunately, they came out too doughy and didn't reheat well in the microwave the next day. Boiling them first takes a little more time, but it definitely makes the texture better, in my opinion. I think you'll find this dish satisfying and delicious! Plus, it's a great way to sneak in some extra veggies!

Free giveaway!

Emile Noël, maker of non-GMO, organic, and fair trade gourmet oils, has been kind enough to offer a complimentary bottle of organic mild olive oil to one lucky MainlyVeggie fan! 

To enter the drawing, leave a comment below or like the accompanying post on MainlyVeggie's Facebook page. The winner will be announced on Friday, April 11th.

Look for my review of Emile Noël's roasted pumpkin seed oil in the near future!

Pineapple-jícama salad (4+ servings)

Guess what? Spring is finally here. Let's celebrate with some sunny side-dish sweetness! (Hands up if you love alliteration!)

Jícama is still relatively new to me, although this isn't the first recipe I've posted that uses it. In case you aren't already familiar with it, jícama is a Mexican root vegetable with the crunch of a raw potato and the wateriness of a water chestnut.  Its snap and subtle sweetness make it a great partner for super-sweet, juicy pineapple.

This particular recipe comes from Mark Bittman's How to Cook Everything Vegetarian, and the only change I made was to increase the amount of pineapple. It makes a great companion to Mexican food (I served beside pineapple-black bean enchiladas). The mint is cool and refreshing, while the chile is hot and invigorating. The sweetness balances everything out, and the dish itself is very quick to put together. Plus, the colors are gorgeous! I'll definitely keep this recipe handy for summer nights when I don't feel like using the heat of the stove.

You will need:

  • 1 medium jícama, peeled and chopped into bite-sized pieces
  • 2 cups chopped fresh pineapple (It's definitely worth it to use fresh over canned here)
  • 2 Tbsp lime juice
  • half a jalapeño, chopped into big pieces for background heat (my preference) or diced for more aggressive, every-bite heat
  • 1/4 cup chopped mint leaves
  • pinch salt
  • sprinkle of onion powder (or you can use chopped scallions)


  1. Put all ingredients into a serving bowl and toss gently to combine.

I can't wait to take this to a potluck or picnic sometime this season! It keeps nicely in the fridge; in fact, I think the heat and sweetness increased after a day or two.

Tuna Chickpea salad à la my mom

What the hell is going on with this weather? Last Sunday was 72°, and then we had freezing rain on Tuesday, which led to a day off from school. Today, we have more ice and another day off (bye bye, spring break), and then tomorrow, it's supposed to be sunny and 64°. I don't get it. Being from Pennsylvania, I'm pretty used to the cold and ugly weather, but having the sunny, gorgeous days in between has made the wintry weather so much worse to deal with.

The funny thing about the bad weather is that it makes me miss home. It's not that I want to be where there's MORE of this (and from what my family and friends have told me, this has been an especially brutal winter in Berks/Lancaster County), but I miss being stuck inside with my family when it's cold outside. After a long afternoon of shoveling (which, when I was younger, consisted more of me and my sister romping across the yard and sidewalks while our dad hollered, "I just shoveled there!" in the background), we'd all retire to the warmth of the house, blinking to adjust our eyes to the relative darkness of the indoors, and throw our sopping wet clothes into a pile. While my mother got started on several dozen pounds of laundry (the poor woman), the three of us would collapse in the living room to watch Murder, She Wrote or something else similarly inane.

By dinnertime, we were all starving. I knew my mom would be too tired to make anything elaborate, but that was fine, because one of my favorite of my mom's recipes was also one of her go-to quick staples: tuna salad. The funny thing about my mom's tuna salad was that I don't ever remember seeing her make it; it would just appear at dinnertime in that same faded green, round tupperware bowl with the frosted, flexible lid. My mom is a smart woman; she doesn't ruin her tuna salad with unnecessary things like chopped egg or olives. Oh no. Her tuna salad is simple, enhanced only by a little bit of lemon and some tangy pickle relish.

These days, I make the same recipe using mashed-up chickpeas. True, it doesn't have the same chewy texture or seaworthy saltiness as tuna has, but the chickpeas still make a lovely sandwich filling when you need something light and quick.

You will need:

  • 1 15-oz can chickpeas, rinsed and drained
  • 2-4 Tbsp mayo, depending on preference (or vegan mayo, if you prefer)
  • 2 Tbsp sweet pickle relish
  • 1/4 tsp lemon pepper
  • 1/3 tsp onion powder (or less, if your lemon pepper mix contains onion powder)
  • 1/4 tsp salt (or less, if your lemon pepper mix contains salt)
  • dash of soy sauce
  • dash of lemon juice
  • 1/4 tsp yellow mustard
  • 1-2 stalks celery, diced (you can throw the leaves in too)


  1. Place the drained chickpeas in a small bowl. Using a potato masher, roughly mash the chickpeas, leaving a few whole.
  2. Add all the remaining ingredients to the chickpeas and stir to combine.


You can serve the chickpea salad on top of salad greens, in a pita (as shown), by itself, or -- my favorite -- between toasted slices of rye bread, topped with American cheese. 

Now I kind of want to go build a snowman...

Flu stew (variable servings)

If the flu were a person, she'd be that girl you spent some time with every few years during your childhood, mainly because she knew a lot of the people in your class. Maybe she visited you once or twice during college, but after that, you parted ways and didn't think much about each other. From time to time, you'd hear about her visiting somebody you knew, but you shrugged it off because you didn't remember much about her after all those years apart.

But then one day in your adult years, she knocks on your door -- usually late at night -- cold and shivering and begging for a place to lie down. You let her in, figuring she'll be out of the way in the morning. But when she's still with you a few days later, you realize something is most definitely wrong. First of all, she's so irritating that she makes your blood boil but so clingy that she chills you to the bone. And god, she's boring. She says she wants to get caught up, but really, she just wants to force you to sit on the couch and watch movies for days in end. She's boring enough to make you ache all over. Even the most menial tasks, like doing laundry or washing your hair, become impossibly exhausting when she's around. And every time you think you're over her and ready to kick her out, she forces you to spend yet another boring day at home with her. And you can't even drink while she's around! Is there no end in sight??

Naturally, the only way to overcome both the flu and awkward social situations is soup. I don't know why, but soup seems to cure everything. And when you're not feeling well, the easiest way to prepare it is to throw stuff in a crockpot and then take a three-hour nap while it cooks. Trust me.

Now, I realize that people are of two schools of thought when it comes to flexible recipes: Some are excited by the challenge, and some are paralyzed with intimidation. I promise it's not scary. Basically, all you're doing here is gathering up whatever leftover and/or frozen veggies you can find, covering them with broth or ready-made soup, and tossing it all into a slow cooker. This really couldn't be easier, and when you're sick, you need things to be as easy as they can be.

You will need:

  • Several cups of fresh, canned, or frozen veggies, chopped into bite-sized pieces (I used broccoli florets, frozen corn and peas, sliced snow peas, chopped baby carrots, a diced tomato, and frozen butternut squash)
  • Some protein, such as chickpeas or granulated TVP (I used 1/2 cup TVP)
  • Whatever spices and herbs seem fitting (I used dried basil, dill, oregano, smoked paprika, pepper, and salt)
  • Several cups of store-bought soup and/or broth (I used a 32-oz carton of Imagine's Harvest Corn Soup and two cups of vegetable broth)


  1. Place the veggies and protein in the bottom of the crockpot. Add enough liquid to cover the solid ingredients. Place lid on crockpot and turn to high for 3 hours.

Honestly, it could not be much easier. When deciding which ingredients and base to use, think about how you're feeling and what your body needs. If you have a sore throat or chest congestion, you probably want to stay away from dairy-based soups. If you're all stuffed up, you might want to focus on aromatic, Asian-style ingredients like ginger, garlic, and green onions. Most of all, you just want to make sure you're getting plenty of vegetables and protein. 

As far as the seasonings go, I'd suggest waiting until the end to add the salt. For the most part, it's hard to mess up something like this, but salt is tough to undo. (You can try adding another cup of water and then tasting it to see if the salinity is less harsh.) Just go with what feels good and enjoy it!